Species conservation at Aquarium Berlin
Aquarium Berlin takes part in numerous European stud books (ESBs) and diverse monitoring programmes under the umbrella organisation of the European Association of Zoos and Aquaria (EAZA). While we share our research findings on the behaviour, biology and diseases of endangered species with other zoos for a better understanding and to improve animal management, we make a significant contribution to the preservation of endangered species by building up viable reserve populations. We are currently supporting the following stud books and programmes with the following animal species in the Aquarium:
The scope of duties involved in the conservation of nature also includes the work that focuses on the conservation of animal species in human care. The first step in the international management of animal populations has been the establishment of stud books. The first animal directory of its kind was created in 1923 with the studbook for the European bison. The data of both African rhino species and the gaur, an Asiatic wild cattle, has been collected ever since 1966 in Berlin. The curator of the stud book coordinates the disclosure of animals to preserve the diversity of the genetic material in the population. Stud books may also include recommendations for the improvement of rearing conditions.
European preservation breeding programmes (EEPs)
In addition to the stud books, there has been the European preservation breeding programmes (EEPs) ever since 1985. They regulate the breeding endeavors within the European subpopulations of some particularly endangered species. Berlin Zoo was responsible for the EEPs of the black rhinoceros and the gaur for many years, and also successfully participated in numerous other EEP (see above). Some species of animal kept in Zoo Berlin were able to be introduced back into the wild after years of intensive nurturing in human care (e.g. Przewalski's horse, European bison, bearded vulture, Scimitar oryx).